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short version

Pleasure and wanting lead primarily to repetitions.
Attachment is only one of the consequence of repetitions.

My understanding of Buddhism is different to the usual understanding. This essay summarises my view. The following essay develops this (adds references) and compares it to normal Buddhism.

The correct understanding of Dukkha is central to Buddhism. The First Truth tells us what Dukkha is. These days Dukkha is commonly understood as 'suffering'.

ancient wooden spoked wheel

In Buddha's time the word Dukkha was used to describe when a wheel was not turning smoothly on its axle. In those days the wheels squeaked and wobbled, and the hub needed constant maintenance in order to run smoothly.

The wheel epitomises a sense of repetition and self-perpetuating motion. Dukkha describes how it's not running smoothly, not turning well.

Dukkha describes how our existence is not running smoothly.

The hub of the ancient wooden spoked wheel symbolises almost perfectly, how life wobbles, and sometimes starts grinding or gets twisted and blocked.

In many texts it is written that the Five Aggregates are Dukkha. The Aggregates are five umbrella terms which explain how we experience the world. They are: manifest form, sensation, perception, concepts and consciousness. The Aggregates apply to all of our senses.

The First Truth tells us very simply: Our sensory apparatus, is not running smoothly.

The Second Truth discusses the cause of Dukkha. Our life is influenced by pleasure and wanting. This is the prime cause of 'suffering' or 'things not running smoothly'.

If something is pleasurable, we want to repeat it. Repetitions involve us in a timeline, they are not conducive to being now. And, once the repetitions start, once the wheels start turning; then they turn with their own karmic momentum.

The Aggregates primary attribute is once set in motion, once the wheels start turning, they keep repeating.

Attachments, especially extreme attachments like clinging, are just one of the consequences of the repetitions. It may well be that an extreme form of wanting like craving, leads to extreme forms of suffering; but the basis of this is that wanting leads to repetition.

Please continue with Buddhism, Wheels and Repetitions - Long Version

Back to Chapter 5 : Religious Demystification